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  • Subject Name : tourism

Understanding and Overcoming Negative Impacts of Tourism in City Destinations

Table of Contents


Research methodology.

Tourism in Alpine National Park.

Impact analysis.

Analysis of management strategies.



Introduction to Conceptual Model and Strategic Framework

According to the tourists, Victoria is among the places to be seen once in a lifetime, and a lot of people around the world live there too. There is so much in Victoria to visit and explore as this place contains a variety of tourism points and locations, which can be an interest of travelers. The definition of this topic is to investigate the geographical benefits, culture, distribution, impacts, and management strategies of Alpine National park, which is one of the most visited tourist locations in Victoria (Bassett, Prior, 2015). This research report aims to find out what is the impact of this tourism point on the traveling industry in Victoria as well as what management strategies the Victoria tourism industry follows to manage the tourists and their activities. In this report, meticulous research will be conducted to study the characteristics of Alpine National Park and how tourism is working over this place. In the last of this research report, a viability analysis will be conducted to find out the effectiveness of tourism in Alpine National Park, and some recommendations will be given for the improvement of the tourism industry so that the business and aim of this location can work with sustainability and value.

Research Methodology

Geologists used to research a location or a place before getting concluding the results and hypothesis about that specific location. Therefore, different qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques can be used to gather products, which then enable the geographers to make meaning of the world and understand the existence of a particular place. For this research report, a qualitative data collection method will be used to gather data about the Alpine National Park. There are different techniques to collect data through a qualitative research method, which is not numerical, including interviews, observations, focus groups, and research through already existing data (Jamshed, 2014).

For this particular research report, the qualitative data collection method is appropriate to answer the research question because the environment can easily be analyzed through it. The content of the research question will be analyzed effectively, and external factors can also be identified. Moreover, for this research report, the used techniques are ethnography, which is a study of human societies and cultures, grounded theory including participant observations, and informal interviews of people present in Alpine National Park ( Hennick, Hutter, Bailey, 2020). Thus, this research methodology is most appropriate to research questions that are to investigate distribution: impacts, management, characteristics, and types of tourism in Alpine National Park in Victoria.

Tourism in Alpine National Park

Geographically, Alpine National Park is distributed in over 660550 hectares and is located in the high country in eastern and north-western Victoria. Alpine National Park is the largest national park of Victoria, which extends from near Licola and Mount Buller in the West and goes up to the Murray and snowy rivers beyond the east (Pichler-Koban, Jungmier, 2017). This particular tourist location in Victoria has its significance, and people around the world love to visit here because this place is an accurate depiction of nature, a lot of other factors that catch the focus of tourists. 

This park in Victoria is of high attraction for tourists because 10 of the 11 highest mountains of the country are located here. According to the data gathered, it is evident that alpine topography is quite attractive at this place, having quite dramatic mountain landscapes, snow gum trees, wild rivers open grasslands that are also referred to as high plans (Veisten, Haukeland, Baardsen, 2015). The top attractions of Alpine National park are Paradise falls, lake Tali Karng, lake Cobbler, and more. As far as the type of tourism is concerned, most people present in Alpine national park who were the part of tourist groups claims that people who like to explore nature, landscapes, animals, trees, and lakes are more likely to visit this place. These tourists want to spend their money on witnessing nature and not human-made things. Some tourists claimed during an informal interview that they like to visit the part in winters for hunting purposes.

After the proper research conduction, a lot of causes behind tourism in Alpine National Park was discovered. Changing the lifestyle of people is the top reason that people now want to come back towards nature and want to witness it. The global connectivity and technological advancements are also one of the reasons that tourism is increasing in this particular location in Victoria. As mentioned above, tourists perform a wide variety of activities in Alpine National Park. Therefore, a considerable number of visitors visit the park annually. According to the estimate taken in 2001, almost 2.1 million people around the world in all four seasons visited Alpine National Park and had a quality time there. According to a report from consumer surplus, tourism provides up to $6 million to the park each year. The alpine national park is getting a vast tourism asset and is employing 962 people. Tourists like to visit Alpine National park in summers, mostly that generates an expenditure of $33 million per year (Musa, Higham, 2015).

Impact Analysis

Above, the characteristics and type of tourism have been discussed along with the causes of tourism to the Alpine national park. There are a lot of reasons which lead people towards tourism, and these causes result in some real impacts on a particular location. When tourism grows in Alpine national park, it created a lot of implications economically, environmentally, and socially on this location and Victoria on the whole.

First of all, tourism employs several people around the world, as almost 962 people are serving the park. Thus jobs for local people is one of the top impact tourism in this park is imposing. Further, the income for the local economy of Victoria is generated as a result of tourism in the Alpine national park ( Postma, Schmuecker,2017). Another impact of tourism in this location is that the management of the park is bound to keep the habitat and environment up to date because most of the tourists only come to this park to enjoy wildlife and nature. This puts pressure on the park management to work more on habitat and wildlife, which is eventually good for the environment and animals.

Along with some positive impacts of tourism over the Alpine national park, there are some adverse effects too. This is reported that tourists visit the park and damage the landscapes, erosion of fires is joint there, and do not think before littering that place. This created a significant impact in terms of land pollution in the alpine national park. As mentioned before, due to its natural depiction of habitat, wildlife, lakes, and landscapes, a lot of people prefer to visit this part in their summer vacation from the entire globe. Therefore, these tourists play an important role in traffic congestion and air pollution (Silva, Kastenholz, 2013). Moreover, the local goods and things which the local vendors tend to sell gets expensive because vendors known tourists will buy them at any cost. This also has a negative impact on the Alpine national park and also damages the reputation of the place.

Analysis of Management Strategies

To preserve and protect the natural environment and to make tourism successful for tourists around the world, the Alpine national park follows some management strategies in accordance with the National Parks Act 1975. Some historic areas present in the park are managed through recreation and education activities that are given to tourists, and they are asked to make sure that they follow all the guidelines strictly. Moreover, the management strategies for the economy and finance of this park are made under consideration of the entire team. Every year the management strategies are changed a little bit after conducting a feasibility analysis of the previous management plan. Moreover, according to reports, the habitat and wildlife are managed by a crew appointed by the park, which takes care of every aspect to be considered in this area. Some other management strategies for this park include fire management, community partnerships, tourist management, protection of the natural environment, the meeting of legal management strategies, and more.

There are some pros and cons of these management strategies implemented by tourism authority too. First of all, the management strategies provide the framework for decision-making in the park. It becomes easy for the top management of the park to decide over plan my keeping the previous management strategies in mind. Also, the strategic management provides a clear view of objectives assessment, and the authorities get more open to acting over the power, which fulfills the vision and objectives of the park. The management strategies also provide an organizational perspective to the sources of the park. The disadvantage of formulating management strategies is that the future remains unknown and unexpected. The park authorities cannot make strategies to keep what can happen in the future.

Conclusion on Conceptual Model and Strategic Framework

It is concluded that alpine National Park is the largest national park of Victoria, which extends from near Licola and Mount Buller in the West and goes up to the Murray and snowy rivers beyond the east. This particular tourist location in Victoria has its significance, and people around the world love to visit here because this place is an accurate depiction of nature, a lot of other factors that catch the focus of tourists. Tourism in this part is called to be most viable because it does not only provides better tourism to people around the world but provides substantial economic benefits to management of the park as well as the local vendors in Victoria. The Alpine national park offers the best experience of tourism to people who like to spend their vacations in nature and wildlife. Some suggestion can also be given to the tourism industry of Victoria to make sure that habitat and wildlife of this park are preserved and does not get harm due to any reason. Another recommendation which should be given is that the local vendors and internal shops and cafes of the alpine national park should not burden the tourist by putting high prices on the different products.

References for Conceptual Model and Strategic Framework

Bassett, O. D., Prior, L. D., Slijkerman, C. M., Jamieson, D., & Bowman, D. M. (2015). Aerial sowing stopped the loss of alpine ash (Eucalyptus delegatensis) forests burnt by three short-interval fires in the Alpine National Park, Victoria, Australia. Forest Ecology and Management, 342, 39-48.

Hennink, M., Hutter, I., & Bailey, A. (2020). Qualitative research methods. SAGE Publications Limited.

Jamshed, S. (2014). Qualitative research method-interviewing and observation. Journal of basic and clinical pharmacy, 5(4), 87.

Musa, G., Higham, J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (Eds.). (2015). Mountaineering tourism. Routledge.

Pichler-Koban, C., & Jungmeier, M. (2017). Alpine parks between yesterday and tomorrow–a conceptual history of Alpine national parks via tourism in charismatic parks in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management, 9, 17-28.

Postma, A., & Schmuecker, D. (2017). Understanding and overcoming negative impacts of tourism in city destinations: conceptual model and strategic framework. Journal of Tourism Futures.

Silva, C., Kastenholz, E., & Abrantes, J. L. (2013). Place-attachment, destination image and impacts of tourism in mountain destinations. Anatolia, 24(1), 17-29.

Veisten, K., Haukeland, J. V., Baardsen, S., Degnes-Ødemark, H., & Grue, B. (2015). Tourist segments for new facilities in national park areas: Profiling tourists in Norway based on psychographics and demographics. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 24(5), 486-510.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Tourism Assignment Help

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